Artisans of the Valley
William and Mary
William and Mary, 1689-1725
Named for Mary Stuart, ascended in 1689.
Dutch & French influence through Marys craftsmen.
Walnut became the most widely used wood.
Carving flowers, foliage, cupids, wreaths, and c-scrolls.
Gilding, painting, and lacquering common.
Marquetry and veneering common, including tabletops.
Almost all turned pieces use the bell-shaped cup.
Tables rectangular in shape, with "X" stretchers.
Upholstery on almost all chairs and couches using tapestry, petit
point embroidery, damask, brocade, velvet, and chintz.
Significant number of pieces imported from England.
The highboy was introduced.